Lit - The Cask of Amantillado - Irony

This story by Poe has a lot of irony. Here's a lesson that asks students to identify the types.

Identify the kind of Irony



Fortunado’s name

Fortunado’s dress:  as a fool

-M shows the trowel to F. 

the story is told by a madman (an unreliable narrator if there ever was one) and may not be true at all!

-“…Montresor says, “Nemo me impune lacessit,” which is the family motto meaning “No one attacks me without being punished.  Forunado responds to this with “Good

“Fortunado thinks he is going to sample wine, a pleasurable activity, but in reality he is going down to the cellars to be killed.
-“We the audience knows the reason Monthresor is taking Fortunado to the cellars to kill him.

-F. is killed by brick masonry.

-F. says he would not die from a cold and M says “True, true.” 

-M suggest F. should leave the crypts to protect his health.

-M. begs F. to be cautious.

-M. says he is a mason, holding out his brick trowel – he seems to be saying he of the Masons fraternal order, but he is actually saying he lays bricks.

-M. says he is pleased to see Fortunado at the fair.

-Montresor toasts Fortunado…and I to your long life, knowing full well Fortunado would shortly be dead.

-The “cask” Fortunado pursues ends up being his own casket.

The nitre (sp>\?) is bad for his health, should turn back, but doesn’t

M:  “Yes, I said, let us be gone”

M  “Yes, for the love of God.”

M “My heart grew sick…on account of the dampness of the catacombs.”



Situational Irony:  Ask yourself, is this the last thing we would have expected to happen?


Verbal Irony:  Ask yourself, does the speaker actually have another meaning behind his words?


Dramatic Irony:  Ask yourself, do I understand something that characters in the story do not?